To become a BCE, each applicant must complete the BCE qualifying exam, in addition to fulfilling the other requirements. In addition, those seeking full certification must take at least one specialty examination of their choice. One specialty examination is included in the initial examination fee.  Additional specialties require an additional fee. Generally, all BCE examinations are administered online through the proctor's computer. Click here for details on how to take an examination.

The six BCE specialties are listed below. Please click on any specialty to see the recommended study materials.

  • General Entomology
  • Medical and Veterinary Entomology
  • Urban and Industrial Entomology
  • Regulatory Entomology
  • Plant-related Entomology
  • Pesticide Development, Analysis and Toxicology

General Entomology

This information applies to the BCE General Entomology Specialty exam, which is not to be confused with the BCE Qualifying Exam. To become a BCE specializing in general entomology, you must pass the qualifying exam as well as this specialty exam. After you have been accepted into the program, confirm with your proctor a date when you are ready to take the exam and inform the ESA Certification Coordinator by email to bce@entsoc.org. The Coordinator will e-mail instructions one week prior to the scheduled test date  to you and your proctor. This exam is administered online.  If your exam date changes please notify the Certification Coordinator at your earliest convenience.

General Entomology

Study topics include pests and management practices of:

  • Fruit and vegetable crops
  • Forage crops
  • Field crops
  • General insect classification and biology
  • Insect morphology and physiology
  • Insect behavior and ecology
  • Insect development and metamorphosis

Recommended Study Materials

Destructive and Useful Insects 5th Edition, by R.L. Metcalf and R.A. Metcalf, 1993

Insect Pests of Farms, Garden and Orchards, by R. Davidson and W. Lyon, 1987 (8th Edition or newer)

Introduction to Insect Pest Management, R. L. Metcalf and W. H. Luckman, 1994

An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 6th Edition, by Borror, Triplehorn, and Johnson, 1989

Entomology and Pest Management, by Larry Pedigo (newest edition)

Medical and Veterinary Entomology

To become a BCE specializing in medical entomology, you must pass the qualifying exam as well as this specialty exam.  After you have been accepted into the program, confirm with your proctor a date when you are ready to take the exam and inform the ESA Certification Coordinator by email to bce@entsoc.org. This exam is given online, the Coordinator will e-mail instructions one week prior to the scheduled test date to you and your proctor.  If your exam date changes please notify the Certification Coordinator at your earliest convenience.
 

Knowledge Domains Covered:

  • Identification of arthropods of medical-veterinary importance

  • Biology of arthropods of medical-veterinary importance

  • Epidemiology of arthropod-borne diseases

  • Non-vector arthropods of medical and veterinary importance

  • Surveillance and control of arthropods of medical-veterinary importance

  • History of medical and veterinary entomology

  • Regulatory guidance and its impact on medical-veterinary entomologists
     

Recommended Study Materials

Adams, J. ed. 1992. Insect Potpourri. Sandhill Crane Press, Gainesville, FL.

 

Blum M. S. 1985.  Fundamentals of Insect Physiology. Wiley-Interscience.

 

Bram, R. 1978. Surveillance and Collection of Arthropods of Veterinary Importance. USDA Agric. Handbook No. 518, USDA, Washington, DC.   

 

Byrd, J.H., and J.L. Castner. eds. 2010. 2nd ed. Forensic Entomology. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

 

Chapman, R. F. 2013. 5th ed. The Insects: Structure and Function, Cambridge University Press.

 

Clements, A. N.  The Biology of Mosquitoes Volume 1 (1992), Volume 2 (1999), Volume 3 (2012). CABI Publishing.

 

Darsie, Jr., R., and R. Ward. 2005. 2ed. Identification and Geographic Distribution of the Mosquitoes of North America, North of Mexico. Amer. Mosq. Contr. Assn., Univ. Press of Florida, Gainesville, FL.

 

Debboun, M., S. Frances, and D. Strickman. eds. 2007. 2nd edInsect Repellents Handbook. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.

 

ldridge B. F. and Edman, J.  2003. 2nd ed.  Medical Entomology.  Springer.

 

Gold, R.E., and S.C. Jones. eds. 2000. Handbook of Household and Structural Insect Pests. Entomol. Soc. Amer., Lanham, MD.

 

Goddard, J., 2012. 6th ed.  Physicians’ Guide to Arthropods of Medical Importance. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.    

 

Heymann, D.L. ed. 2008. 19th edControl of Communicable Diseases Manual. Amer. Publ. Health Assn. (APHA), Washington, DC.

 

Hoy, M. A. 2013. 3rd edInsect Molecular Genetics: an Introduction to Principles and Applications.  Academic Press.

 

Levi, H.W., and L.R. Levi. 1990. Golden Guide [to] Spiders and their Kin. Golden Books, New York, NY.

 

Krantz G. W. and Walter D. E.eds.  2009.  3rd edA Manual of Acarology.  Texas Tech University Press.

 

Merritt, R.W., Cummins, K. W. and Berg, M. Beds. 2008. 4th ed.  An Introduction to the Aquatic Insects of North America.  Kendall Hunt Publishing. 

 

Mullen, G.R., and L.A. Durden. eds. 2009. 2nd edMedical and Veterinary Entomology. Academic Press, Orlando, FL.

 

Nation, J. L. 2015.  3rd edInsect Physiology and Biochemistry.  CRC Press.

 

Peters, W. 1992. A Colour Atlas of Arthropods in Clinical Medicine. Wolfe Publ., Ltd., London, UK.      

 

Service, M.  2012. 3rd ed.  Medical Entomology for Students.  Cambridge University Press.

 

Stafford, III, K. 2004. Tick Management Handbook. Conn. Agric. Exper. Sta., New Haven, CT. and avail as PDF @  www.caes.state.ct.us .   

 

Strickman, D., S. Frances, and M. Debboun. 2009. Prevention of Bug Bites, Stings, and Disease.  Oxford Univ. Press, Inc., New York, NY.    

 

Triplehorn, C.A., and N. F. Johnson. 2005. 7th edBorror and DeLong’s Introduction to the Study of Insects. Thomson, Brooks/Cole, Belmont, CA.

 

Warrell, D., and H. Gilles. 2002. 4ed. Essential Malariology. Oxford Univ. Press, Inc., New York, NY.  

 

WHO. 2004. Global Strategic Framework for Integrated Vector Management. WHO, Geneva.

 

Wigglesworth, V. B.  1984.  8th ed. Insect Physiology. Springer.

 

Williams, R. 2010. Veterinary Entomology, Livestock and Companion Animals. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.    

 

Zim, H.S., and C. Cottam. 1987. Golden Guide [to] Insects. Western Publ. Co., Racine, WI (Div. of Golden Books, New York, NY).

 

Suggested Web Sites for Resources on Diseases, Vectors and Hazardous Arthropods.

World Health Organization (WHO):  www.who.int/

U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC):  www.cdc.gov ,

Armed Forces Pest Mangement Board (AFPMB):  http://www.acq.osd.mil/eie/afpmb/

American Mosquito Control Association. (AMCA):  www.mosquito.org , then browse or use links.    National Pest Management Association (NMPA):  www.pestworld.org , then browse. 

Lucid keys: http://www.lucidcentral.com/    

American Arachnolological Society:   www.americanarachnology.org

North American Forensic Entomology Association:  http://www.nafea.net/   

Pan American Health Organization:  http://www.paho.org/hq

The Scorpion Files (Scorpion information):  http://www.ntnu.no/ub/scorpion-files/links.php  

Euscorpius  (Scorpion information):  http://www.science.marshall.edu/fet/euscorpius/

Clinical Toxicology Resources:  www.toxinology.com     

WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES ): http://www.who.int/whopes     

World Map(s) of Interactive disease distribution: 

Urban and Industrial Entomology

To become a BCE specializing in urban and industrial entomology, you must pass the qualifying exam as well as this specialty exam. You must have applied and been accepted into the BCE program prior to taking this exam. When you are ready to take the exam, choose a test date with your proctor and inform the ESA Certification Coordinator. This exam is administered online. A URL, username, password, and instructions will be provided to your proctor on the Friday prior to your exam. 

Recommended Study Materials

The Handbook of Household and Structural Insect Pests by: Roger Gold, Susan Jones.
ISBN 0-9385-2278-7

Handbook of Pest Control by: Mallis (Newest Edition)

The Pesticide Book by George Ware

Trumans' Scientific Guide to Pest Control Operations by: Bennet, Corrigan, Owens
ISBN 0-9298-7000-X

Urban Entomology, Robinson
ISBN 0-412-60750-6

Regulatory Entomology

To become a BCE specializing in regulatory entomology, you must pass the qualifying exam as well as this specialty exam. You must have applied and been accepted into the BCE program prior to taking this exam. After you have been accepted into the program, confirm with your proctor a date when you are ready to take the exam and inform the ESA Certification Coordinator by email to bce@entsoc.org. The Coordinator will e-mail instructions one week prior to the scheduled test date  to you and your proctor. If your exam date changes please notify the Certification Coordinator at your earliest convenience.

This exam is administered through paper examination, and will be emailed to your proctor. You will take the examination at his/her location, and the proctor will email/scan/fax the examination back to the ESA Certification Coordinator at the completion of the test. 

Recommended Study Materials

Destructive and Useful Insects 5th Edition, by R.L. Metcalf and R.A. Metcalf, 1993

U. S.Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection and Quarantine, Fact Sheets

Imported Fire Ants: Life History and Impact. Texas Department of Agriculture 1986

A Close Watch on U.S. Borders to Keep the World's Bugs Out, by Erik Larson, 1987. Smithsonian Institute. Anonymous. U. S. Government Printing Office Superintendent of Documents

EPA, 40 CFR Parts 150-189. (Revised yearly-1 July)

USDA, 7 CFR, Parts 300-399 (Revised yearly- 1 January)

FDA, 21 CFR, parts 1-1299 (Revised yearly – 1 April)

The Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act as Amended. U.S. EPA (OPP) 540/09-89-012. (Revised Oct. 1988)

The Federal Insecticide Fungicide and Rodenticide Act as Amended by the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996. U.S. EPA (OPP) 730L97001, (Revised March 1997)

Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) as Amended by the FQPA of 1996. U.S. EPA (OPP) 730L97001. (Revised March 1997)

Plant-related Entomology

To become a BCE specializing in Plant-related entomology, you must pass the qualifying exam as well as this specialty exam.

You must have applied and been accepted into the BCE program prior to taking this exam. After you have been accepted into the program, confirm with your proctor a date when you are ready to take the exam and inform the ESA Certification Coordinator by email to bce@entsoc.org. The Coordinator will e-mail instructions one week prior to the scheduled test date to you and your proctor.   If your exam date changes please notify the Certification Coordinator at your earliest convenience.

This exam is administered through paper examination, and will be emailed to your proctor. You will take the examination at his/her location, and the proctor will email/scan/fax the examination back to the ESA Certification Coordinator at the completion of the test. 

Recommended Study Materials

Destructive and Useful Insects 5th Edition, by R.L. Metcalf and R.A. Metcalf, 1993

Insect Pests of Farms, Garden and Orchards, by R. Davidson and W. Lyon, 1987 (8th Edition or newer)

Introduction to Insect Pest Management, R. L. Metcalf and W. H. Luckman, 1994

An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 6th Edition, by Borror, Triplehorn, and Johnson, 1989

Entomology and Pest Management, by Larry Pedigo (newest edition)

Pesticide Development, Analysis and Toxicology

To become a BCE specializing in Pesticide Development, Analysis and Toxicology, you must pass the qualifying exam as well as this specialty exam.

You must have applied and been accepted into the BCE program prior to taking this exam. After you have been accepted into the program, confirm with your proctor a date when you are ready to take the exam and inform the ESA Certification Coordinator by email to bce@entsoc.org. The Coordinator will e-mail instructions one week prior to the scheduled test date  to you and your proctor.   If your exam date changes please notify the Certification Coordinator at your earliest convenience.

This exam is administered through paper examination, and will be emailed to your proctor. You will take the examination at his/her location, and the proctor will email/scan/fax the examination back to the ESA Certification Coordinator at the completion of the test. 

Recommended Study Materials

The Pesticide Book 4th Edition, 1994 by G.W. Ware, Thomson Publishing

Pesticide Bioassay with Arthropod, 1992, by J. Robvertson, CRC Press

Destructive and Useful Insects 5th Edition, 1992, by R. Metcalf, McGraw-Hill Co.

Toxicology of Insecticides, 2nd Edition, 1985, by F. Matsumura, Plenum Press

The New Pesticide User's Guide, by B.L. Bohmont, Reston Publisher

PestResistance to Pesticides, 1983, by G.P. Georghiou and T. Saito, Plenum Publisher

Insecticide Mode of Action, 1982, by J.R. Coats

1997 Farm Chemical Handbook, Meister Publishing Co.